Platelet-rich plasma injections

PRP treatment uses patients own blood cells (platelets) to accelerate healing of injured or inflamed joints, tendons, ligaments and muscle tissue. The blood has natural healing properties, which are enhanced by separating the most useful components and administering them into the affected area to enable faster recovery.

This is also known as Autologous concentrated Plasma injections.

The Platelet-rich plasma Process


The procedure takes around 45 minutes.  

During the treatment, patient's own blood from a vein (in the arm) is spun in a centrifuge machine to separate the cells and plasma. The plasma is then injected into the affected area using ultrasound guidance.

Which conditions can PRP be used?

PRP is widely used to treat the following conditions (not an exhaustive list)

  • Achilles tendonitis

  • Plantar fasciitis

  • Ligamental sprains

  • Knee, ankle sprains and instability

  • Tennis and golfer’s elbow

  • Shoulder pain and instability

  • Rotator cuff injuries, including partial-thickness tears

  • Ankle sprains

  • Knee osteoarthritis

  • Hip osteoarthritis

  • Shoulder osteoarthritis

  • Ankle osteoarthritis

Platelet-rich plasma treatment outcomes

Treatment outcomes and sustained results are highly dependent on the extent of the injury or condition.

Unlike the faster acting treatments such as steroid injections, PRP does not give instant relief. Pain relief usually starts 3 to 4 weeks after treatment, with continued improvement over 6 months.


Patients are advised on relative rest and offloading the injected area for a few weeks while resuming rehabilitation under a physiotherapist.  You should be able to resume normal activities of daily living in a day or two.

Risks and complications

There are no serious risks associated with PRP injections. However, there is a small risk of soft tissue or joint infection related to any interventional procedure although this is vary rare. Aseptic technique is used to minimise the risk. 

Allergic reactions are not known to occur as patient's own blood product is used.

It is not uncommon to experience swelling and pain for a few days following the procedure and patients may take regular analgesia as and when required during this period.


Dr Kulothungan will discuss all treatment options during the consultation and explain the merits, limitations and risks associated with each procedure. You will be fully involved in the decision of any treatment.

Certain treatments may not always be appropriate for your specific condition either due to the risks or poor outcome. If in doubt please ask prior to booking.

Please note that certain procedures may not be covered or only partially funded by your insurance policy. Please check with your medical insurance provider before booking. If you are in doubt please discuss with Dr Kulothungan.